But the historically progressive nature of capitalism soon became hostile and even regressive to Art. To the capitalist system correspond totally different spiritual and artistic creation methods to those of the Middle Ages, and the relationship between art and social life has now changed a lot as well.
Capitalism has made clear the division between artistic and material production, giving to art a specific and delimited space, away from the public and social life, liberating it from its utility function.
Nevertheless, the increase in aesthetic material production has a very positive effect for society. It has democratized the aesthetic experience, before limited to the elite, extending to the general public the accessibility to consume and perceive beauty.